Voting Access Scorecard – The franchise project

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Voting Access Scorecard - Virginia

The Franchise Project’s Voting Access Scorecard ranks how accessible voting is in Virginia. The Voting Access Scorecard measures the accessibility of American elections by analyzing state election laws and practices. Each state’s performance is based on 30 measurable metrics shown to affect accessibility and foster participation. All metrics are weighted equally to fairly assess all states and their practices. If answered in the affirmative, each metric is worth 1 point, for a total of 30 points. Note that if a practice varies by county or municipality, e.g. the number of early voting locations in Wisconsin, the state only received 0.5 points for that metric. Note: Y=Yes, N=No, and V=Varies by Municipality/County.

Currently, Virginia ranks 38. You can make a difference! Take action now!

Overall score: 13.5 / 30

Y=Yes, N=No, V=Varies by County/Municipality

State registration deadline is the Friday before Election Day or later
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
N
State offers Election Day registration
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
N
State has automatic registration
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
N
State does NOT create barriers to voter registration by third parties (e.g. allows third party registration, does not require registration drive training or notification)
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
Y
State does NOT impose fines or criminal penalties for negligent/accidential voter registration mistakes
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
Y
State offers early voting/in-person absentee voting in multiple locations per municipality/county
Locations determined by local officials. Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
V
State offers early voting/in-person absentee voting during evenings and/or weekends
Hours determined by local officials. Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
N
State allows no-excuse early voting/in-person absentee voting
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
N
State holds all elections entirely by mail
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/CloseOfBook
N
State does NOT require an excuse to vote by mail
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
N
State deadline to return absentee ballot is NO earlier than Election Day (via any type of delivery)
Must be received by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day. Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
Y
State allows all voters to sign up to vote by absentee permanently
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/
N
State allows voters to request vote by mail ballot online
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation
Y
State allows voters to register online
Virginia Department of Elections: https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/Registration/Eligibility
Y
State allows voters to check their Election Day polling location online
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/voter-outreach/where-to-vote.html
Y
State allows voters to check their vote by mail status online
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/
Y
State does NOT require a Photo ID to vote on Election Day
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/in-person-voting/
N
State does NOT require a Photo ID to vote early or by mail
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/absentee-voting/index.html http://www.elections.virginia.gov/Files/Forms/VoterForms/VirginiaAbsenteeBallotApplication.pdf
N
If ID required, State allows voter to vote through alternative process that does not require voter action (Note: full points received if no ID required at all)
Provisional ballot not counted unless voter follows up to show ID Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/casting-a-ballot/in-person-voting/
N
During voter maintenance process, if address has not changed, state allows voter to simply mail back confirmation form
VA Code 24.2-428(b)-(c), (e): http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title24.2/chapter4/section24.2-428/
Y
State is NOT a member of Interstate Crosscheck
Bryan Caskey, Kansas Secretary of State, Director of Elections (email communication, May 24, 2017)
N
State is Member of ERIC
ERIC, http://www.ericstates.org/whowear John Lindback, ERIC Executive Director (email communication, May 25, 2017)
Y
State refused to comply with the Pence-Kobach voter registration data request
Virginia Governor: https://governor.virginia.gov/newsroom/newsarticle?articleId=20595
Y
State allows individuals to vote when their sentence is complete
VA Code § 24.2-101: https://vacode.org/2016/24.2/1/1/24.2-101/
N
State allows individuals to vote during their term of incarceration
VA Code § 24.2-101: https://vacode.org/2016/24.2/1/1/24.2-101/
N
State allows individuals to vote after incarceration, while on probation or parole
VA Code § 24.2-101: https://vacode.org/2016/24.2/1/1/24.2-101/
N
State voting technology requires a paper trail
Virginia does not appear to have a permanent voter verifiable ballot or record requirement. Va. Code Ann. § 24.2-629: https://vacode.org/24.2-629/
N
State requires poll worker training
Va. Code Ann. § 24.2-115: http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title24.2/chapter1/section24.2-115/
Y
State law requires voting machines to meet federal standards, testing by a federally accredited laboratory, or federal certification
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/registration/voting-systems/
Y
State provides readily accessible voting technology information
Virginia Department of Elections: http://www.elections.virginia.gov/registration/voting-systems/
Y

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