Categories – The franchise project

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Categories


The Voting Access Scorecard measures the accessibility of American elections by analyzing state election laws and practices. Each state’s performance is based on 30 measurable metrics — broken into 8 categories — shown to affect accessibility and foster participation. Below is an overview of the categories and metrics.

Click on the drop down to learn more about each category.



Summary of voting categories

Click on each category to learn more.
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State registration deadline is the Friday before Election Day or later35%
State offers Election Day registration31%
State has automatic registration19%
State does NOT create barriers to voter registration by third parties (e.g. allows third party registration, does not require registration drive training or notification)80%
State does NOT impose fines or criminal penalties for negligent/accidential voter registration mistakes80%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State offers early voting/in-person absentee voting in multiple locations per municipality/county31%
State offers early voting/in-person absentee voting during evenings and/or weekends43%
State allows no-excuse early voting/in-person absentee voting74%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
During voter maintenance process, if address has not changed, state allows voter to simply mail back confirmation form 88%
State is NOT a member of Interstate Crosscheck45%
State is Member of ERIC41%
State refused to comply with the Pence-Kobach voter registration data request39%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State voting technology requires a paper trail58%
State requires poll worker training84%
State law requires voting machines to meet federal standards, testing by a federally accredited laboratory, or federal certification68%
State provides readily accessible voting technology information54%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State holds all elections entirely by mail6%
State does NOT require an excuse to vote by mail62%
State deadline to return absentee ballot is NO earlier than Election Day (via any type of delivery)74%
State allows all voters to sign up to vote by absentee permanently19%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State allows voters to request vote by mail ballot online34%
State allows voters to register online67%
State allows voters to check their Election Day polling location online95%
State allows voters to check their vote by mail status online71%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State does NOT require a Photo ID to vote on Election Day58%
State does NOT require a Photo ID to vote early or by mail68%
If ID required, State allows voter to vote through alternative process that does not require voter action (Note: full points received if no ID required at all)84%
Metrics within this Category% of States Meeting Requirement
State allows individuals to vote when their sentence is complete75%
State allows individuals to vote during their term of incarceration3%
State allows individuals to vote after incarceration, while on probation or parole35%

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